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绿化的好处


除了赏心悦目, 绿色植物也有助于精神, 人的身体和情感健康. The following studies identify the benefits children and 青年s can gain from regular exposure to greenery. 


更好的成绩和学校行为 

In a study conducted by the American Institutes for Research, a group of sixth graders attended outdoor school for six weeks, 而另一组则没有. 户外活动期间, students carried out hands-on activities such as searching for aquatic insects in a stream and identifying tree species, 以及对森林的“健康”得出结论. At the end of the programme, the students, teachers and parents were surveyed. 

The group that participated in the outdoor education rated better in self-esteem, 解决冲突, 与同事关系, 解决问题, 学习动机和课堂行为. These children also had improved Science scores, measured by a pre and post test. [I]


Regular exposure to greenery can lead to better school behaviour, 包括改善与同伴的关系.


减少多动症的症状

Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have unusually high and chronic level of inattentiveness, 冲动和多动症. In a study published by the American Journal of Public Health, ADHD children were observed participating in similar activities conducted in a variety of different settings, 如此绿色的户外环境, 人为的户外环境, 和室内设置. 每次会议后, 父母根据ADHD症状给孩子打分, such as difficulty in remaining focused on unappealing tasks, 听不懂或听不懂指示, 还有抵抗干扰的困难. The ADHD symptoms in children exposed to the green outdoor settings reduced significantly compared to the other settings. [ii]

 

帮助孩子应对压力

A study done in New York researched whether greenery helped children cope with stress. It measured how ‘green’ the children’s homes were and studied how well the kids coped with stressful life events such as bullying in school, 搬到另一个家庭和家庭纠纷. The study found that nearby nature buffers the effects of stressful life events on children’s psychological distress. [3] 


The greener your child’s environment, the better your child would be able to cope with stress.


精神运动技能发展

“Climbing rocks is more fun than climbing trees – but climbing trees is more fun than boring playground equipment.这句话出自一个幼儿园男孩之口. A study in Norway found that preschool children who played in natural areas with trees, rocks and uneven terrain developed better motor skills than those who played in conventional playgrounds.[iv]


Children who play amongst trees, rocks and uneven ground have better balance and agility.


减低近视率

A study conducted in Sydney assessed the relationship of outdoor activities with the prevalence of myopia in school-aged children. Children participating in the study went through a comprehensive eye examination. Their parents were required to complete an extensive questionnaire about the amount of time their children spent on a variety of indoor and outdoor activities. It was found that the more time children spent outdoors, the lower the rate of myopia. [v]

 

改善认知功能

Does the view from a child’s home affect his or her well-being? 要回答这个, a research project that was conducted in America studied the effects of the presence of greenery on cognitive functioning. 在研究的第一阶段, 孩子们在自己家里被观察, 哪些是预先选择的,因为它们缺乏绿色. 在第二阶段, the children and their families were relocated to housing environments that were greener. The study found that children who were housed in homes that improved the most in terms of greenery also had the best ability to focus. [vi]

改善总体健康状况



A study that was done in Holland investigated the strength of the relationship between the amount of green space in people’s living environments and their perceived general health. The study found that the percentage of green space in a one-kilometre area had a significant positive impact on perceived general health in large cities, 特别是老年人, 青年, 还有受过中学教育的人. (七)

Bring your students on a learning journey to our parks and gardens to reap the benefits of greenery today!


There are certainly many benefits to be reaped from greenery and being close to nature. Bring your students outdoors to enjoy the wonders of our City in a Garden today! 有超过300个公园和花园, four nature reserves and more than 300 km of park connectors in Singapore, there is an abundance of green spaces for you and your students to explore and enjoy.


参考文献

[i] McQuillian, Larry and Louise Kenelly. (2005). AIR study shows beneifts of outdoor environmental studies for sixth grade students.

 

[ii] 泰勒,一个.郭F. & 沙利文,W. (2004). A potential natural treatment for ADHD: Evidence from a national study. 美国公共卫生杂志,94(9).

 

[3] 井,N. M. & 埃文斯克. W. Nearby nature: A buffer of life stress among rural children. 环境 & 的行为, 35 (3)311-33.

 

[iv] Fjortoft,我. (2001).The natural environment as a play ground for children: The impact of outdoor play activities in pre-primary school children. 幼儿教育杂志, 29(2), 111-117.

 

[v]上升,K.A.摩根,我.G.Kifley,.黄齐,年代 & 史密斯,W. (2008) .Outdoor activity reduces the prevalence of myopia in children.眼科学. 115, (8)1279-1285.

 

(vi)井,N. (2000) “At 首页 with 自然: Effects of ‘greeness’ on children’s cognitive functioning.环境与行为32 (6):775-795.

 

(七)Jolanda马斯河, 罗伯特一个verheij, 彼得·P Groenewagen, Sjerp德弗里斯, Peter Spreeuwenberug(2006)《绿色空间》, 文雅与健康:关系有多紧密?”中华流行病学杂志2006; 60: 587 – 592.

 



最后更新于2015年1月16日

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