The world is fast developing, with the global urban population estimated at 6.3 billion in 2050, almost doubling the 3.2010年50亿. This means that urban areas are expanding and this increases the demand for natural resources such as food and energy, 还有对气候调节的需要. The Cities and 滚球App Outlook published in 2012 by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity highlights the challenges and opportunities posed by global urbanisation and its links with biodiversity and ecosystem services.
T在这里 are many benefits to maintaining and enhancing urban biodiversity, collectively improving the quality of life in cities. 一些好处是:
- 减少压力, 增强积极的情绪, improving cognitive skills and academic performance, as well as moderating the effects of ADHD, 自闭症, 以及其他儿童疾病.
Economic benefits relating to green urban elements. For example, studies have shown that homes with trees were sold at a premium compared with those without trees, as modern urbanites gain more knowledge of the associated health benefits of being close to nature, 连同它的美学吸引力.
- Studies have shown that the hospital environment plays a critical role in the healing rate of patients. Patients are seen to have benefited emotionally and psychologically, such as experiencing reduced stress levels and having accelerated recovery from illnesses.
Although 新加坡 is an urbanised city-state, it is also rich in biodiversity (click 在这里 to read more about wildlife in 新加坡). N公园 works in partnership with other relevant 政府ernment agencies and stakeholders to maintain and enhance urban greenery and biodiversity; and increasingly seek innovative ways to address the challenges of land scarcity.
We have many successful examples of incorporating biodiversity in our urban environment. 例如, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital aspires to be “a hospital in a garden” that seeks to tap the potential healing effect of nature.
前进, N公园 is looking at exploring “Biophilia” – the human relationship with nature – as an ethic, and how it could be applied to city planning and design.
新加坡, in collaboration with the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Partnership on Local and Subnational Action on 滚球App, developed a tool to evaluate cities’ biodiversity conservation efforts. This tool was adopted globally in 2010. In recognition of 新加坡’s leading efforts, it is known as the 新加坡 Index on Cities’ 滚球App.